Dental disease is graded from 0 – 4, the higher the number the worse it is. One indicates mild plaque and tartar buildup, four being the worst that usually involves extraction of teeth. Continual accumulation of plaque and tartar causes pressure and inflammation of the gum tissue and the mouth becomes a source of infection for other body tissues.
Tooth root abscess – infections can develop at the base of a tooth with dental disease. These infections, if left to progress, can eventually form draining tracts around the mouth and sometimes near the eyes.
Teeth that appear worn down can be due to an inappropriate tooth on tooth wear or toys. Tennis balls present a common cause for worn down teeth as the surface is coarse like sandpaper. Slowly worn down teeth can develop a protective layer over the pulp cavity called tertiary dentin that is brown in appearance. If wear is extensive or the pulp cavity is exposed extractions may be recommended.
If a tooth is fractured to the point that the pulp cavity is exposed it is recommended to remove the tooth as the pulp cavity exposure can predispose it to pain and infection.